Volume 2 Issue 1
Residue Analysis of Different Insecticides in Dry Fish (Chepa-Shutki) Collected from Different Market
Author: Afroza Begum, MDH Prodhan, M.S. Ahmed, M.A. Rahman, and M.W. Akon
Abstract:The present study was undertaken to detect and quantify the left over residue of five commonly used insecticides (DDT, Aldrin, Dieldrin, Endrin and Heptachlor) in dry fish samples collected from Gazipur and Dhaka for the comparison between the detected residue level with maximum residue level (MRL) set by Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicine Authority. Total 10 samples of chepa shutki (dry fish) were collected from Gazipur and Dhaka and analyzed for the quantification of insecticide residues. Among them, all samples contained detectable residue. Ten samples contained Aldrin residue, and six samples contained both Aldrin and Dieldrin residue. The values were 0.112ppm-0.284ppm in case of Aldrin and in case of Dieldrin the range was 0.371ppm-0.778ppm, which was in above MRL
Details: SED Journal of Environmental Studies; Volume 02, Issue 01 (August 2018): 19-25.
Dredging in Rivers of Bangladesh: An Environmental Law Analysis
Author: Moinuddin Kadir
Abstract: Bangladesh, being a land of rivers, is also prone to the curse of flood resulting from overflown river water. The nature of high siltation in rivers of Bangladesh, on one hand, gave the country a highly fertile land, but on the other hand, it made the land highly vulnerable to flood and erosion. A solution to the problem with a sandy side outcome is dredging the rivers. Surely, the process of dredging is effective. But, whether the dredging process frees from any side effects or, not is a question worthy to be discussed. Moreover, dredging, being an artificial force on the natural elements, the possible harmful effects of dredging should also be examined with a viewpoint of environmental science and legislation. In this paper, the scientific and legal aspects of both positive and negative effects of dredging of rivers in Bangladesh will be discussed.
Details: SED Journal of Environmental Studies; Volume 02, Issue 01 (August 2018): 27-39.
Protection of Environment in Armed Conflicts: An Analysis from International Law
Author: Arif Ahmed
Abstract:The present world is witnessing different international and non-international armed conflicts of which we are the ill-fated witnesses. But it is quite unfortunate that neither of the states involved in these hostilities are fully complying with the leading instruments concerning international law. Not only that, one dominant state is constantly using force against another one which is a flagrant violation of the principles enshrined in the United Nations Charter, 1945. Thus the natural environment and biodiversity is becoming the silent victim of devastations resulting out of these unwanted armed conflicts. In spite of the fact that armed conflicts have destructive impacts on the natural environment, it is hardly considered as a prioritized concern nowadays by the world community. However, this piece of academic research intends principally to focus on the adverse impacts of armed conflicts, irrespective of internal or international, on the natural environment worldwide. In this study an attempt has been made to make a review analysis of the peremptory norms laid down in different instruments of the key branches of international law. Further this piece aims to reflect the shortcomings of key treaty provisions that shield the natural environment from the destructive weapons during armed conflicts. Finally it finds that that the protection of world environment during armed conflicts should provide a comprehensive analysis of the applicability of the nexus among different important branches of international law.
Details: SED Journal of Environmental Studies; Volume 02, Issue 01 (August 2018): 41-63.
Impact Free Tanning Process: Ecological Leather
Author: Ibrahim Khulil Ullah Shovon & Maliha Chowdhury Ulka
Abstract: The term “ecological” leather meant the “toxicity free” leather. Around 80% of leather is tanned using chromium. The chromium used in the tannery may be in the form of chromium (III), (IV). But after tanning process, for excessive pH and other reactions, it becomes Chrome (VI), which is very much toxic and carcinogenic. Most of the traditional tanning processes involve the use of heavy metals in different steps. Again, there are other chemicals like acids, dyes which spread carcinoma. After a very long time, finally new process is introduced, which shows a way to transform raw hides and skins into finished leather without causing any harm to environment or the user of this product. This new product is named as “Ecological Leather”. Ecological leather is a product which is made without any kind of harmful chemicals and spreads no toxicity afterward. Mainly Synthetic tanning materials involve in the production of this product, thus how this product is friendly for nature and the user. This new product is a bit expensive but very much useful and totally harmless. Sometimes Eco Leather performs even better than the leathers made from traditional processes. It’s very essential and preferred for the uses of children and patients.
Details: SED Journal of Environmental Studies; Volume 02, Issue 01 (August 2018): 65-75.
The UK Context of Liability Regime for Marine Pollution Arising Out of Offshore Oil Exploration and Exploitation
Author: Habibullah Shakil
Abstract:Offshore Oil and Gas production is one of the most sophisticated oil extraction systems but with many legal complications. The lack of international law for the protection of the marine environment from offshore oil pollution was one of these. Such a lacking could not be ignored as sea connects the whole world; and thus, such gradual and systematic pollution was driving the world marine ecology at risk of damage beyond repair. However, after the devastating accident in the Gulf of Mexico from Deep Water Horizon Oil Rig, the regulatory bodies around the world became highly concerned about safety measures and so are the UK and the EU. As a result, the Directive 2013/30/EU of the European Parliament and the Council of 12 June 2013 on Safety of Offshore Oil and Gas Operations were enacted. It is being considered as one of the most dynamic developments in offshore oil and gas industry. This Amend not only addressed the errors with the Environmental Liability Directive (2004/35/EC) but also extended the Environmental Liability Directive to waters in the exclusive economic zones of the Member States. This directive was expected to have shown how to regulate a group of countries’ offshore production in EU territory. Thus, this directive, along with the domestic measure taken by the UK, could have worked as a very beneficial legal mechanism to consider by the countries which were at the primary stage the offshore while implementing an international legal framework if required. However, despite all these benefits, these laws are not always perfect for all sort of scenario. This research is an attempt to show not only the advantageous side of these legal mechanisms the errors, which are in need of further development; so that in light of this analysis we can determine to what extent these laws can be adopted at the global stage.
Details: SED Journal of Environmental Studies; Volume 02, Issue 01 (August 2018): 77-96.